UKSSSC Syllabus for the Post of Livestock Extension Officer/ Adhidarshak / Pradarshak (Resham) & Nirikshak Resham In 2022
1.1 CYTOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY; Cell Structure, Cell Theory, Prokaryotic and
Eukaryotic cell, Cell wall, Cell membrane and Cellular Organelles, Cell Cycle and Cell Division,
Chromatin, Nucleic acid as genetic material, Structure of DNA and RNA, Replication of DNA,
DNA fingerprinting, Genome and human genome project, Genetic Code, Structure of gene,
Oncogenes, Protein Synthesis.
1.2 MICROBIOLOGY: Classification of microorganism, Bacteria, lytic cycle of bacteria, Viruses,
Viroid, Prions; Bacteriophage, Transduction, transformation and conjugation, Human health and
diseases (AIDS, Pneumonia, Common cold, Malaria, Typhoid, Ascariasis, Filariasis,
Amoeblasis, Ring worm, Cancer) Immunity, drugs and alcohol abuse, antibiotics.
1.3 PLANT KINGDOM: General characteristics, structure, Biological classification, Systematics and
binomial system of nomenclature, reproduction, economic importance and Alternation of
generation of Algae, lichens, Fungi, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and
1.4 ANIMAL KINGDOM; Codes of Nomenclature, Concept of Species, Speclation, General
characteristics and classification of Chordates and Non-Chordates
Anatomy of flowering plant: Tissue and Tissue system, Anatomy of root,’Shoot and leaves.
Secondary growth, Anomalous secondary growth.
Structural organisation In Animals: Animal tissues, Organ and Organ System, anatomy and
functions of different systems of an annelid (Earthworm) an insect (Cockroach) and an
Plant Morphology: The root, Stem, Leaf, Inflorescence, Flower, Fruit, Seed, Description of
Families with floral diagram and floral formula (Fabaceae, Solanaceae, Lillaceae).
Animal Morphology: Morphology of annelid (Earthworm) an insect (Cockroach) and an
Plants: Asexual and Sexual reproduction,, structure of flower, microsporogenesis,
Megasporogenesis, Pollination, fertilization, Development of Dicot and monocot embryo,
seed and fruits, Dormancy, Polyembryony, Parthenocarpy, apomixfs.
Human: Male reproductive system, female reproductive system, Gametogenesis,
menstrual cycle, fertilization, Implantation, embryo development, pregnancy, parturition and
lactation. Reproductive health: Population and birth control, contraception and Medical
termination of pregnancy (MTP), sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and Infertility.
1.8 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY: Diffusion, Osmosis, Absorption of water, ActiVe and Passive
absorption, imbibitions, Transpiration- Factors effecting rate of transpiration, Mechanism of
opening and closing of stomata; Mineral Nutrition, Absorption of minerals, minerals
deficiency symptoms, Translocation of Solutes, Ascent of SAP, Mechanism of photosynthesis,
factors effecting rate of photosynthesis and Respiration, C3 Cycle, C4Cycle, CAM cycle, Photo
respiration, Phytohorrnones, photoperiodism, vernalisation.
1.9 HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY: Digestion and absorption, breathing and exchange of gases, body
fluids and circulation, excretory products and their elimination, locomotion and movement,
neural control and coordination, chemical coordination and integration.
1.10 BIOMOLECULES: Primary and secondary metabolites, biomacromolecules, proteins,
polysaccharides, nucleic acids, structure of proteins, nature of bonds linking monomers in a
polymer, dynamic state of body constituents, Vitamins, concept of metabolism, metabolic
basis for living being, the living state, Enzymes.
1.11 GENETICS AND BIOTECHNOLOGY: Mendel’s law of inheritance, Inheritance of one gene,
Inheritance of two genes, Chromosomal theory of inheritance, deviation from mendalian
ration (Gene interaction, incomplete dominance, complete dominance, multiple alleles) sex
determination in animals; linkage and crossing over, mendalian disorders and chromosomal
disorders In human , Principles of biotechnology, recombinant DNA technology, application in
health and agriculture, genetically modified(GM) organisms, biosafety issues.
1.12 ECOLOGY: Ecology and environment (Definition, scope and branches), Concept of
Ecosystem: components, structure and function of ecosystem, types of ecosystem, Energy
flow in an ecosystem, ecological pyramids, ecological succession, Concept of primary and
secondary productivity. Ecotone, Ecotype and edge effect, ecosystem services.
1.13 ORGANISMS AND POPULATION: Organisms and its environment, Microbes in human
welfare (microbes In household products, industrial products, sewage treatment, production of
biogas, as biocontrof agents) population and ecological adaptations, population growth and
interaction, Bio-geochemical cycles (C, N, 0, P, S) their role and importance,
1.14 BIODIVERSITY: definition, scope of biodiversity, reason for its depletion, ex-situ and insitu conservation, Biosphere reserve, National parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Zoos, endemic
species, biodiversity hot spots, IUCN categories-Red data book, biodiversity conservation
plans in India.
1.15 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND ISSUES: Definition threats and control measures of Air,
Water, Soil, Noise and Radioactive Pollution, Primary and Secondary Pollutants, Green house
effect, Global Warming; Ozone Depletion, Acid Rain, Chlpko movement, Deforestation and
Afforestation, Degradation by improper resource utilization and maintenance
1.16 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Domestication of farm animals, livestock population trends in India, Breeds (Indigenous,
exotic & crossbred strains involved in India) of Cattle, Buffalo, sheep, goat, poultry. Methods of
breeding, System of breeding, Basis & methods of selection, Identification, Livestock
development programs in India. Importance of livestock In agriculture and industry, white
revolution in India.
1.17 ANIMAL FODDER AND HOUSING: Nutritive value of common feeds & fodders,
Preservation of fodder corps (Hay & Silage making), Feeding Standards. Nutritive requirement of
farm animals. Poultry Nutrition, Housing for different farm animals. Types of Housing, space
requirements in animal houses. Care and management (Animal body structure and functions,
housing of dairy and poultry animals, production of milk products and• eggs, principles of
disease management and vaccination, Poultry management.
1.18 ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION: Reproductive and Digestive system of ruminant & nonruminant animals, Reproductive organs, collection, dilution and preservation of semen,
artificial insemination, role of artificial Insemination in cattle improvement,
1.19 AGRICULTURE: Definition and scope of agriculture in National Economy, Different
disciplines of agritulture, Principles of crop production, climate, soil preparation, tillage,
Irrigation and water management, nutriment management, weed management, plant
protection, cropping systems, harvesting, threshing and storages.
1.20 AGRICULTURAL CROPS: Classification of field crops, cultivation of crops- wheat, paddy,
cotton, jowar, bajra, maize, soya bean, pigeon pea, mustard, sunflower, cowpea, groundnut,
gram, tobacco, berseem, Lucerne, potato and sugarcane.
1.21 SOIL: Soil profile and classification, physical and chemical properties, soil pH, Soil texture,
structure, organisms, tilth, fertility and soil health, biofertilizer, organic nature of soil,
common fertilizers, inducing straight, Farm yard manure (FYM), organic farming, green
manuring, vermicom post.
1.22 HORTICULTURE CROPS: Vegetables (Raddish, Carrot, Potato, Cauliflower, Brinjal,
Tomato, Onion, Garlic and Cabbage) Fruits (Mango, Papaya, Banana, Guava, Citrus , Grapes and
Leech!) Flowers (Rose, Hibiscus, Gladiolus, Marigold and Crysanthemum, Buransh),
Principle’s and methods of fruits and vegetable preservation, preparation of Jellies , Jams ,
Ketchup, Chips and their packing, Ornamental gardening and Kitchen Gardening.
1.23 WEED AND PEST CONTROL: Principles of weed control, methods of weed control,
cultural, mechanical, chemical, biological and integrated weed management, Integrated pest
management, Green Revolution.
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